| Year 2009 Canonical Studies
SAME REALITY, DIFFERENT APPEARANCES
(Mathew Kochupurackal)
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Codex luris Canonici (CIC)11 and Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium (CCEO)22 are the two codes that regulate the life of the Catholic Church today. Both were promulgated by the same legislator, and they express the one and the same faith in different ecclesiastical discipline. Such unity and diversity have always existed in the Church. Pope John Paul II in his Apostolic Constitution promulgating CCEO stated. “From the very beginnings of the codification of the canons of the Eastern Churches, the constant will of the Roman Pontiffs has been to promulgate two Codes: one for the Latin Church, the other for the Eastern Churches. This demonstrates very clearly that they wanted to preserve that which in God’s providence had taken place in the Church: that the church gathered by the one Spirit breathes, as it were, with the two lungs of East and West, and burns with the love of Christ, having one heart, as it were, with two ventricles”.

A proper and comparative study of both the Codes is very necessary by all of us, especially because we live in a country where different Churches suie iuris coexist. Such a study has been repeatedly advocated by Pope John Paul II. “it appears obvious to urge that a proper and comparative study of both Codes be promoted in the Faculties of Canon Law even if, by their constitutions, they have the study of one or the other of the Codes as their principal subject-matter. Indeed, a canonical science that fully corresponds with the degree of studies that these Faculties confer cannot omit such a study”33 . The same Pope repeated,”The knowledge of this entire corpus, as I emphasized on October 25, 1990, at the last Synod of Bishops, must be opportunely promoted in priestly formation and, above all, in all the Faculties of Canon Law. Indeed, this knowledge cannot but enrich these studies and ensure that canonical science, undertaken at these Faculties, be plene respondens titulis studiorum, quos hae Facultates conferunt.”44

Inspired by the exhortation of the supreme law giver of the Church, we attempt to make a comparative study with regard to the canonical legislation of both the Codes on the sacraments except Divine Eucharist and marriage. The Churches of the East and the

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1. Codex Iuris Canonici, promulgated by Pope John Paul II for the Latin Church on January 25, 1983, through the Apostolic Constitution Sacrae disciplinae leges, AAS 75, pars 2 (1983) xxx, 1 – 324.

2. Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium, promulgated by Pope John Paul II for the Eastern Catholic Churches on October 18, 1990, through the Apostolic Constitution Sacru canones, AAS 82 (1990) 1033 -1363.

3. Words of the Pope presenting CCEO to the twenty-eight General Congregation of the Synod of Bishops on October 25, 1990. AAS 83 (1991) 490.

4. Address of the Pope at the International symposium held at the Vatican (April 19 – 24, 1993) to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the promulgation of the Latin Code, Communicationes 25 (1993) 13 – 14.

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